Indian Army Ranks and Recruitment Process
07-03-2022 2:43am | by Krishanpal Singh Rajput
Indian Army Ranks | Indian Army Officers | Highest Ranking of Indian Army | Army Recruitment | Army recruitment 2022
Every year in our country, a lot of youth prepare to join the army. We have thousands of soldiers in India’s army. Everyone wants to join the army because now the Army provides many facilities for its soldiers. Even young people who want to join or are preparing to join the Indian Army need to know about rank and rank in the Indian Army before joining it. Indian Army Ranks and Recruitment Process, Army recruitment 2022
1. Field Marshal
Field Marshal is the highest rank an Indian army officer can attain. Although it is no longer an active rank, the position is still recognized by higher authorities. Only two Indian Army Field Marshals have been appointed in India’s history and they are currently holding this distinguished post. There is no fixed time frame as to when a new Field Marshal will be appointed.
The highest rank in the Indian Army is that of general. The term ‘general’ is derived from the Latin word generosus or ‘noble.’ People with a rank of general are appointed by the president of India on the advice of the Union Cabinet. Currently there are only four people who hold this rank – honorable headquarters, three in command and one army chief. During war times, that person who is a General gets to be called Field Marshal (General). While in peace terms, that person may remain as just a General or even go back to his original designation (Major General). Officers in this position are released after completing their given tenure period or alternatively continue their service till age 62.
3. Lieutenant generals
Lieutenant generals are the next in command to the general. They often work closely with them and function under their command so it’s important to show some solidarity between these two posts. Promotions for lieutenant generals come only through commissioned service which begins after working as a major for a period of 10 years (9 in peacetime). The rank insignia of a lieutenant general include an identification disc on his shoulder, two distinct stripes running across the shoulder epaulets, and three yellow stars on each collar point.
4. Major General
After the rank of lieutenant general comes major general. This decoration is shaped like scissors and a stick tied with rope, with crossed pitchforks on top. The metal pin that fixes it to the sash has two stars attached to it and two more on both sides of the collar. Major generals are retired at age 58.
A Brigadier is a third-rank officer in the Indian Army, ranking above a Colonel but below Major General. A Brigadier usually commands a brigade consisting of about 3000 to 5000 soldiers. The first use of the rank was in the British Indian Army and it is still used there, although now more often by officers commanding brigades that are ethnically mixed or made up of battalions or regiments from different parts of India or different states – e.g., armored, airborne, Signals, engineers etc.
The colonel of an army is a very prestigious position to reach as it is one of the highest ranks attainable. As a commanding officer or an executive officer, it’s a lot of responsibility on their shoulders because they will be representing the interests of all their subordinates too! You’ve made it that far in life so you know someone like them deserves to be commended for their efforts, right?
7. Lieutenant Colonel
The rank insignia of a lieutenant colonel is visible on the sleeves and shoulders of their uniform. The top of the rank insignia has two bands that pass over the stripes of their uniform’s shoulder boards.
The rank that is after lieutenant colonel is called a Colonel. Ashoka Pillars are mounted on both the soldiers’ uniforms of the Colonel. Promotions for a colone rely on their leadership capabilities, so it should come as no surprise that they’re promoted through selection!
After Major comes the rank of Captain. For someone like you to serve for two years in the rank of commissioned officer, you will be promoted to this rank. As a captain, three stars adorn your shoulders.
A lieutenant is a rank that exists within almost every armed force around the world and is usually held by people who have finished their training at an academy and are ready to help their country through serving alongside commanders or other higher ranking officers. Lieutenants can either choose to go into administration or can be placed on active duty to assist in battle situations or sometimes even lead one of the smaller squads under the command of captains and colonels.
1. Subedar Major
Subedar Majors wear an Ashoka pillar symbol on their uniform and a yellow, red stripe. They are considered as commissioned officers below lieutenant level and serve for thirty years, which is the maximum period a soldier can stay in active service. These particular commissioned officers are responsible for organizing expeditions, protection duty at the borders, internal security, ceremonial duty etc
The insignia on a Subedar’s uniform is similar to an Indian Army officer’s. It includes two stars, with a red stripe separating them from the yellow stripe below, which represents service for 28 years.
3. Naib Subedar
In the military, some ranks of Subedar have the title Naib Subedar. They are often just one rank below a Subedar, and they tend to have a lot of responsibilities placed on them. One way that these individuals can break up their daily routine is by focusing their attention on taking care of themselves each day or every now and then on their days off.
The highest rank of a non-commissioned officer is that of Havaldar. This individual is referred to as a senior NCO, and only those who have worked 24 years or more in the company are given this title. The uniform comes with three strips: two horizontal stripes along the collar and red band down each forearm.
In the army, a nayab is someone who has been promoted over the course of their service to be above their peers. Their ranking goes above that of Journeymen and they are given leadership roles in order to help command soldiers on the battlefield. When they retire, they receive a pension after a total of 22 years of dedicated service to the army.
3. Lance Nayak
Lance Nayak is one rank below Nayak. They have served in the Army for 22 years.
The Sipahi is the name of the lowest cavalry in India that works as an auxiliary force. The standard uniform of this position is only a small red coat with a turban over his head.
Educational Qualification – Passed in SSLC or Matric with 45 percent marks and 33 percent in each subject.
Age – 17 to 21 Years
Marital status – Unmarried men
Physical Standards – The physical standards of eligibility vary according to the region of the candidate but in general
- Candidate’s minimum height should be 167 cms
- The weight of the candidate should not be less than 50 kg
- Candidate should have minimum chest of 77 cms and expansion 5 cms
- Some relaxation in height is available for candidates from Western Himalayan region like HP, Kumaon and Garhwal, North Eastern states like Nagaland, Assam etc and Southern states like TN, Karnataka, Goa etc.
- Similarly, Servicemen / Ex-Servicemen / War Widows / Widows of Ex-Servicemen, and Outstanding Sportsmen (National / State Level Players) and who have represented District / College / School in State / University / Board Championship and First / Second position for daughters of earned.)
- Candidates should be free from all communicable diseases, infections and diseases of heart, eye and ENT impairment.
After searching the advertisement on internet or television or employment news, candidates have to apply by filling a form. Selected candidates will be asked to appear for the Physical Efficiency Test. Those who are shortlisted will be sent for medical test and again those who are considered eligible will be given a written test (GK, Maths and Computer Awareness).
For a cadet to appear for the Indian Military Academy examination, he or she must have completed his/her secondary education. After fielding enough qualified cadets, the SSB (Special Services Bureau) will hold interviews to ultimately determine who is fit to serve in uniform. This includes physical tests as well as medical testing. Those passing are offered a choice of service.
Candidates can appear for the UPSC examination once they have completed Class XI. Within a year of the ceremony, candidates will be asked to sit for a five-day interview known as the Service Selection Board (SSB) interview which includes physical tests. Once selected, candidates go on to join one of the branches of service including but not limited to Army, Navy, or Air Force and undergo training for nearly two years before going to the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun for another year. They then become commissioned officers within their respective branches. Know more
Combined Defense Services Examination (CDSE)
The Combined Defense Services Examination (CDSE) is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). This examination evaluates and assesses candidates interested in pursuing a military career. If you’re in your final year at school and wish to study further, or if you have received a bachelor’s degree then it might be right for you to sit for this test. After that, after clearing your SSB and medical tests you’ll need to undertake training with the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun before going on to become an officer.
Engineering Graduates or Engineering students in their final year can apply to the 1 year IMA University program. This program is designed for future government employees so they can graduate as officers with a one-year seniority, promotion and increment date.
It is similar to UES but is applicable for candidates in the final year of BE or B.Tech or have completed BE or B.Tech.
Candidates who have passed a Postgraduate degree with a minimum of 60% are eligible to apply. After they finish the academy, they are guaranteed a commission on their first day as a permanent hire.
The Officers Training Academy (OTA) is a central training institute located in Gaya, India. It was established in 1917 by the British as an officers’ training center for the Indian Army. Since its inception OTA has produced more than 58,000 officers for the Indian Armed Forces. The academy provides basic military training to all candidates and selected trainees from other states before they formally enter one of the three wings of armed forces: Army, Air Force or Navy.
Candidates, who have completed 10 years of schooling and are above 17 years, can apply for the three-month long training programme. A lot of candidates from all over the nation and abroad want to enroll at OTA because it is recognised by a large number of premier universities and colleges for providing credits towards this qualification for Bachelors and Masters degrees in various studies.
The Army offers three specific commission types: Long Commission (LC), Short Service Commission (SSC), and combined degree financial support. LC is the most common officer commission, while SSC is a faster route and is recommended for students who intend on pursuing another graduate degree. Students receive either a bachelor’s or master’s degree with their Army commissioning through combined degree financial support.
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